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Tonight’s Program

Symphony Under the Stars


Star Spangled Banner

John Stafford Smith (1750-1836)

Words by Francis Scott Key (1779-1843)


St. Paul’s Suite

Gustav Holst (1874-1934)

I. Jig

II. Ostinato

III. Intermezzo

IV. Finale “The Dargason”


“Waltz” from Suite No. 2

Dimitri Shostakovich (1906-1975)


Brandenburg Concerto No. 3

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)

I. Allegro

II. Adagio

III. Allegro


Fanfare for the Common Man

Aaron Copland (1900-1990)


Across the Stars

(Love Theme from Star Wars)

John Williams (b. 1932)


“Hoedown” from Rodeo     

Aaron Copland (1900-1990)

SWS Playbill Winter2020

From the Board

Alyce Gardner

Alyce Gardner

Board Chair

Dear Friends,

Happy 40th anniversary Southwest Symphony! What an amazing 4 decades it has been filled with inspiring music. I am personally honored to have been a part of the symphony for almost 10 years both as a violinist and administrator. This legendary group of dedicated music professionals has tirelessly volunteered their time, resources and energy into keeping music alive in our community. There's no doubt - there is no substitute for live music.

We now have a unique opportunity to pledge our sustaining support. I invite you to become a friend of the symphony and give whatever you can. Your donation is critical to our future now more than ever. There are many ways to give including the 40 for 40 Campaign or through the Crescendo Club. Every dollar makes a difference. All the details can be found on our website at

Please don't hesitate to reach out to me if you have questions about the symphony, you would like to become a donor, or maybe you just want to chat about your favorite composer. We are here to serve our community and we deeply appreciate your support as we continue to bring YOU music that enriches and brings joy to your life.

Here’s to another great 40 years!

Meet the Maestro

Lucas Darger

Lucas Darger

Lucas Darger returns for his fifth season with the Southwest Symphony. The Symphony has flourished under his leadership, and his innovative programming and dedication to excellence has resulted in sold-out performances becomes a regularity. Artistry has reached new heights, ticket sales have more than tripled, and the symphony has added to its educational outreach programs, giving free concerts to more than 3000 local elementary children. He has forged new ties within the community, increasing collaborations both in and out of the concert hall with local arts groups as well as other non-profits, and has established a pre-show tradition that allows students and local musicians incredible performance opportunities. He is a passionate conductor and musician and strives to achieve expressive performances that captivate and energize audiences.

Darger began his conducting career when he was just sixteen years old, and has gone on to conduct orchestras across the United States. He earned a Master’s degree in Orchestral Conducting from the University of Iowa, where he studied with the renowned Dr. William LaRue Jones, and he obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Violin Performance from the University of Utah, where he also studied conducting with Dr. Robert Baldwin. Afterwards he was accepted as a fellow at the prestigious Pierre Monteux School for Conductors in Hancock, Maine.

Proud to be a part of the St. George community, Darger serves on the board of the Music Booster Club at his children’s school, coaches football, and serves on the School Community Council. He loves the outdoors and enjoys hiking, mountain biking, skiing and boating.

Orchestra Members

Violin I

Rachel France, Concertmaster

Debbie Hafen, Assistant Concertmaster

Kezia Brown

Ahnalisse Gubler

Kristen Kjar

Julia Monson

Amber Morris

Natalie Nelson

Leah Skousen

Julie Valadez

Lacey Young

Violin II

Joie Whittaker, Principal

Lichelle Jones, Assistant Principal

Bette Adams

Andrea Luikart

Melanie Nielsen

Debbie Thornton

Tammy Tremea


Linda Ghidossi-DeLuca, Principal

Shay Manley, Assistant Principal

Craig Beagley

Norman Fawson

Katherine Hales

Dinah Nagel

Cassidee Torres


Ka-Wai Yu, Principal

Peter Romney, Assistant Principal

Jessie Coombs

Ann Evans

Sandy Gustaveson

Leslie Jack

Peggy Lambert

Kent McDonald

Debra Vradenburg


Denise Jones, Principal

Ed Candland

Amy Gardner


Cassey Flinders


Katrina Jones, Principal

Shauna Zitting


Rhonda Rhodes, Principal

Kendyl Hollingsworth


Melissa Bennion, Principal

Greg Johnston


Shanan Arslanian, Principal

Carolyn Johnston


Randy Bassuener

David Hay

David Lintz

Leslie Lintz

Tabitha Nygaard


LuWayne Barber

Samuel Dickson

Robert Schmidt


Timothy Francis, Principal

Steve Davis

Nate McGary


Bradley Stucki


David Salisbury


Grace Palfreyman

Larry White


Jane Dastrup


Lucas Darger

Music Librarian

Julia Monson

Program Notes

Star Spangled Banner

John Stafford Smith (1750-1836)

Words by Francis Scott Key (1779-1843)

We are all familiar with the story of the words. Francis Scott Key, a Baltimore lawyer, was working to get a friend released from the British. The friend was being held aboard a British ship during their attack on Baltimore Harbor in 1814. As Key watches the bombardment of Fort McHenry that guards the entrance to Baltimore, he is inspired by the fort holding out against a mighty naval bombardment. That is where the words came from.

Here is the rest of the story. Key wrote a poem, not a song. The poem has a rhythmic scheme, and like much of the music in that day, folks simply chose one of many commonly known tunes to set the poem too. In this case the tune was a popular drinking song—a song where a bunch of guys who had too much ale would sing together to celebrate their slightly inebriated camaraderie. So, a drinking song, “To Anacreon in Heaven”, whose wide range requires you to be slightly loosened by ale to sing, became the tune for our National Anthem.


St. Paul’s Suite

Gustav Holst, 1874-1934

While musicians are familiar with the composer, most concerts don’t feature a heavy dose of Holst. That is a shame, given the many delightful works he presents us with. Tonight’s work, St. Paul’s Suite, represents an important movement in English music. The turn of the 20th century saw a surge in English Nationalistic compositions, with Holst and the great Ralph Vaughan-Williams leading the revival. Nationalistic music features the tonalities, forms and uniqueness of your native country and Holst and Vaughan William relied heavily on the rich treasury of folk tunes of Great Britain as source material. St. Paul’s Suite is an example of this movement. This work is divided into four sections:

  • I. Jig. (Vivace): This reminds the listener of an energetic English country dance, echoing some of the ageless folk tunes of the English countryside. Holst develops this tune through the evolution of complex treatments, but, in the end, always returns to folk origin.
  • II. Ostinato. (Presto): This section begins with a recurring pattern in the upper strings that continues throughout the entire piece (the “ostinato”), with a simple pizzicato (plucked) underline in the lower strings. Again, the melodic development, as it is introduced, is English Pastoral. As the movement develops, Holst provides contrast through syncopation and unity through the ostinato pattern the movement began with.
  • III. Intermezzo. (Andante con moto - Vivace): An intermezzo is sort of a musical “break”, or change from what has been going on. This movement certainly has a different flavor than the previous two. After a pizzicato accompaniment pattern is set up in the minor key, we are treated to a violin solo that feels almost improvised. While hinting at the slow, improvised ballads of England, the modality and treatment suggest that this movement may reflect the Jewish community’s influence on English music traditions. Just when the listener is adjusting to the new mood and mode, a sudden dance burst on the scene. Holst then alternates these two differing ideas, the end resolving to the opening motifs.
  • IV. Finale “The Dargason”. (Allegro): The finale is so English it makes you want to wave the Union Jack. The structure is built and driven by an old English dance tune that has actually been used in classical literature several times. If you are alive and breathing, your foot will involuntarily begin to move to the beat. Holst moves this dance through a variety of instrumentations, and then surprisingly, while not leaving us, the tune recedes to the background. With the original tune serving as an ostinato, he juxtaposes the granddaddy of all English folk music and Queen Elizabeth I’s favorite melody, Greensleeves, over the top. Holst slowly exits by bringing back the original tune, then in an ever-decreasing ensemble, the music fades into the distance.


“Waltz” from Suite No. 2

Dimitri Shostakovich, 1906-1975

Shostakovich had a long and rocky relationship with his music overlords in the old USSR. Stalin’s vision of a utopia of equality and justice could only be achieved when the government controlled individual behavior, thoughts, and actions. This was especially hard on the artists in the Soviet Union who wanted to join the early 20th movements to experiment with tonalities and musical forms. Shostakovich had several clashes with the “music police” of the USSR over his lifetime, and somehow, miraculously survived Stalin’s vicious house cleaning (purges) of the 1930’s. Some say his most popular work, the 5th Symphony, was an offering to the conformity his system demanded. 

The Waltz Number 2 is not from that earlier, dystopian time period. Rather, it represents a freer artistic atmosphere in later Soviet history. With Stalin under the glass, the 1950s saw a multitude of new works from Shostakovich. The Waltz is part of unpublished material from the late 1950s that was originally written as part of a film score. Later orchestrated for a variety of musical ensembles, this delightful piece of music gives you a taste of mature and playful Shostakovich. Originally—but incorrectly—considered part of a Jazz inspired suite, this work is actually part of his Suite for Variety Orchestra, and features a wonderful saxophone introduction to the main Waltz melody.


Brandenburg Concerto No. 3

Johann Sebastian Bach, 1685-1750

Outside of theological and figurative models of thinking, the idea of “immortality” becomes problematic. If you need proof that something can live forever, the opening of Brandenburg Concerto #3 is the proof. This opening theme is so ingrained in our culture, you may be hard pressed to remember where you first heard it…. a cartoon...a concert...a commercial…. or even a movie as a part of the soundtrack. Regardless of where, those that have any cultural connection to the Western tradition will immediately recognize that Bach still speaks 370 years after his last mortal breath. Now, that is immortality!

There are three movements to this short work:

  • I. Allegro: Originally meant for performance in a private hall with a modest string orchestra, the energy is so strong, it has been adapted for all sorts of settings…. even outside venues such as tonight’s concert. After the introduction of the main melody, Bach immediately starts the Baroque practice of adding complexity with imitative entrances. The main theme comes back in different instruments at different times. It is always there, somewhere...and it is a joy to try and follow the lines. When the listener begins to think this movement borders on chaotic, like magic, the entire orchestra syncs up. Bach then adds contrary motion, other instrumental lines that move—almost on their own—beneath and opposite the main tune. Following these contrary lines invites the listener to engage at a new level. But, with the wave of the baton, we sync again. Bach then evolves into a section where the tune is moved completely into the minor key, now through variation. He once again returns to a final restatement of the original tune.
  • II. Adagio: One of the major practices in Baroque music that was lost in subsequent classical periods are the moments where soloists are allowed to improvise. Baroque composers would provide a basic chord progression and then allow soloists to create their own melody. Rachel France, our Concertmaster, will take this opportunity and this entire movement is simply her improvisation on two chords.
  • III. Allegro: While not as iconic as the first, this final movement flies. Furious scales eventually evolve into imitative entrances that are characteristic of energetic music of the Baroque. As Bach weaves lines in and out of sync with each other, order is always maintained, and the listener, no matter how complex the interweaving, never gets lost. We are, as the audience, being “played” as much as the instruments.


Fanfare for the Common Man

Aaron Copland, 1900-1990

There are two pieces by the great American composer, Aaron Copland, on the program tonight. The first is Fanfare for the Common Man. Copland, in his autobiography, wrote of the request:

"Eugene Gosens, conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, had written to me at the end of August about an idea he wanted to put into action for the 1942–43 concert season. During World War I he had asked British composers for a fanfare to begin each orchestral concert. It had been so successful that he thought to repeat the procedure in World War II with American composers".

A total of 18 fanfares were written at Gosens' behest, but Copland's is the only one which remains in the standard repertoire.

The percussion startles the listener—something important is coming—and this is followed by unison trumpets announcing a heroic theme. French horns join in a restatement with harmonization-still very clear and simple, but hinting at complex things to come. In the next reiteration of the theme, trombones harmonize the opening statement, followed by the entire brass choir joining in a rich, harmonized fourth statement of the simple opening theme. In a twist, Copland then migrates to a new, uplifted key as if to express hope for victory and a new future to end the piece.


Across the Stars

(Love Theme from Star Wars)

John Williams, 1932-present

If movie scores are the new home of classical composition, then John Williams is king of this genre. While “Jaws” was the first international soundtrack hit for John Williams, it is his long association with the Star Wars universe that helped give all of the stories shape and life. If you have never seen Star Wars, enjoy Williams’ classical expertise creating melody, develpement, and then using rich orchestration to evoke mood. Additionally, throughout the Star Wars series, Williams uses the musical technique of the “leitmotif”, associating identifying musical themes with characters or events that are used as musical reminders in other parts of the story. This relationship between doomed lovers, Anakin and Padme, is one of those leitmotifs. This arrangement is one of many standalone orchestral renditions that Williams has created for the concert hall from his movie scores.


“Hoedown” from Rodeo

Aaron Copland, 1900-1990

Rodeo represents one of Copland's many wartime compositions. Joining Fanfare for the Common, Billy the Kid and Appalachian Spring, Copland is setting out to remind us of the energy and resilience of the American character. No matter what Americans are faced with, they can overcome challenges and make a better world.

Hoedown is from a Ballet Suite: music that was used for a ballet that has been arranged for orchestral presentation. The hoedown is the western dance that ends the day long of rodeo competition. This short excerpt from the ballet suite is the orchestral personification of energy. The fast moving, raucous theme presented in fiddles and winds brings to mind a picture of the energetic cowboys and cowgirls dancing away. The almost frantic opening theme is contrasted with intermingled, contrasting material. Much like the classical Rondo form, this opening theme comes back again and again. Copland uses his characteristic orchestration: open melodic fourths and fifths, combined with his own unique interpretation of American fiddle technique, to evoke the dance. Check your spurs at the door and don’t be too rambunctious!


— Program Notes by Gregory Johnston


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